Why use ASP.NET MVC instead of Web Forms?

I have been asked this question so many times.  Why use ASP.NET MVC instead of Web Forms?

My answer is simple, because it’s better. If you are not convinced please see below,

ASP.NET MVC is a completely new framework for building ASP.NET applications, designed from the ground up with SoC and testability in mind.

http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/magazine/dd942833.aspx

There are various positive points to moving towards MVC

1. TDD support out of the box as most of the design is based on interfaces.
2. SEO friendly URL by design (though now this is possible in ASP.NET 4 as well)
3. No ViewState (this may seem a bit of moving backward to some), but overall a good design decision.
4. Clean View Markup (no additional HTML emitted)
5. 100% extensible. You can add your own controller with IOC, switch view engines at will, control model binding at wish etc.
6. Rich UI support (possible through client side JS libraries like jQuery UI and others). Telerik has released some controls for MVC which includes Grid control as well (which are merely HTMLHelpers)
7. Session, JS, Ajax works. Validation is even more powerful with DataAnnotations and jquery.
8. Is MVC faster? Yes by default because of lack of viewstate and clean markup. But performance is subject and MVC by design is more performant that traditional ASP.NET webforms (though webforms can be made as fast as required.
9. Out of the box support for mitigating antiforgery attacks and XSS vulnerability (though asp.net does has this to some extent)
10. Out of the box minimal IOC support.
11. Full control over rendered HTML
12. Pluggable architecture

http://www.dofactory.com/topic/1336/why-should-we-use-mvc.aspx

Control over HTML enables developers to build Ajax applications more comfortably, and it facilitates adding more interactivity and responsiveness to existing apps. Direct control over HTML also means better accessibility for implementing compliance with evolving Web standards. The world of Web continually progresses, and ASP.NET MVC is closer than Web Forms to all emerging technology trends.

In addition, ASP.NET MVC uses interface-based contracts, which allow components to be more easily tested in isolation. As a result, cleaner and more testable code is often promoted as a good reason to embrace ASP.NET MVC. Frankly, I don’t consider this a valid primary reason for its selection. Writing clean code should be a practice that transcends the technology. While it can’t be denied that ASP.NET MVC is an inherently more testable framework, testability is more about isolating critical portions of code to gain visibility over internal state and control over input — two factors critical to attain the needed modularity. This practice has more to do with clean design and thoughtful code than with the surrounding framework. Put another way, your chances of writing bad code are nearly the same in Web Forms and ASP.NET MVC. But if you write bad code, MVC will make it easier to diagnose.

http://www.drdobbs.com/windows/231002811

An experienced developer will find MVC intuitive and easier to develop but a developer who has mainly worked in building websites and does not have software engineering skills might find MVC daunting and confusing especially after using regular asp.net for a while.

http://techkn0w.wordpress.com/2008/05/15/mvc-vs-regular-aspnet

Many of VB 6.0 developers had moved to ASP.net web development without knowing the basics of HTTP and web. For simulating windows form model development experience, webforms introduced event-driven approach and also introduced Viewstate and Postback.

http://weblogs.asp.net/shijuvarghese/archive/2008/07/09/asp-net-mvc-vs-asp-net-web-form.aspx

@ericphan from SSW has put a nice presentation on http://r.ssw.com/mvc-whats-all-the-fuss

Diganta Kumar is an experienced Technical Program Manager with a passion for technology. He has architected and developed software for over a decade for a broad range of industries. Diganta is a founder of two online IT businesses. He likes to help, mentor, and manage software development teams to improve and produce great software. He currently works as a Principal Program Manager for Microsoft. Before joining Microsoft, he was with AWS for five years, where he managed large cross-functional programs on a global scale.

Posted in ASP.NET, C#, MVC

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